Initially, both governments claimed that they represented the entire German nation. However, the Federal Republic saw itself as the only German government with democratic legitimacy. Later, at the end of the s, the communist government of the GDR claimed that there was no longer a common German nation as the GDR had established a "socialist" nation. These governments refused to have any contact with the GDR government due to its undemocratic character, and the Hallstein Doctrine stipulated that the FRG would withdraw diplomatic contact from any country that established diplomatic relations with the GDR.
In the letter, Wolf told Brandt that he regretted "that the intelligence service of the German Democratic Republic GDRwhich was under my command, contributed to the extremely negative political events that led to your resignation in Support from East Berlin, or Moscow?
His so-called "opening to the East" would ease two decades of intensifying rhetoric between Moscow and Washington. Fear of nuclear war was so keen in those days that the controversial stance earned Brandt a Nobel Peace Prize in There was, of course, a lot going on behind the scenes.
Willi brandts ostpolitik German intelligence had hundreds of spies in West Germany. But what did the intelligence services do with this information? Wolf, whose espionage division was part of the Stasi, the domestic East German secret police, later became chief of the whole agency.
He was a native of the western state of Swabia, son of a Jewish communist father who moved to Moscow after the Nazis took power.
The meetings were sometimes held in Berlin, sometimes in Moscow. According to these documents the Willi brandts ostpolitik Germans used their propaganda skills to undermine Brandt. Dozens of pages contain accusations that Brandt wanted to "restore the power of the capitalist monopoly in the GDR," and that he sought to achieve a "political and ideological softening and degradation of the socialist nations.
They repeatedly warned them "never to underestimate the growing dangers of social democracy and revisionism! Andropov -- who would later become a champion of President Mikhail Gorbachev -- sent the first signal to Brandt that Moscow wanted to talk. This discreet exchange of views facilitated the ensuing talks.
Ostpolitik as a Threat to East Germany What is so astonishing about the rediscovered documents is how self-confident the Stasi was in its criticism of the more powerful Soviets. Notes Mielke used for a meeting with Andropov in the summer of included openly skeptical questions, like: Nothing could have been further from the truth.
In fact, the documents indicate that the Stasi used its intelligence to paint a negative picture of Ostpolitik for the KGB. Stasi officials cited several internal remarks made by the chancellor or his cabinet ministers to prove that they were trying to "roll up the GDR from behind" Brandt or force it "into a corner" then Foreign Minister Walter Scheel.
Questions About the Documents The documents, however, are analyses and speaking notes, not the minutes of meetings.
If minutes were kept of the meetings, they were presumably destroyed. For this reason, it cannot be ruled out that Stasi employees wrote the documents only to cover their backs, in the intrigue-filled world of the intelligence services, so that no one could accuse them of lacking sufficient ideological toughness.
The real talks with KGB leaders, in other words, could have taken a different course. According to the documents, at any rate, the KGB laid down the law at the end of West Germany concluded a similar agreement with Poland a few months later.
Andropov made it clear to the Stasi that it should "evaluate this in a positive way. Suckut also cites a comment made by SED leader Erich Honecker a few days after the failed no-confidence vote. The party leader found it a "grotesque situation" that the East Germans, of all people, "had to appear as the strongest backers in stabilizing the Brandt administration.
Only Wolf, as he claimed, was sorry to see Brandt step down from the chancellorship. Translated from the German by Christopher Sultan ArticleWilly Brandt and Ostpolitik The International Setting In the immediate post-war period, many in the West believed (correctly) that the Soviet empire was inherently unstable and.
Willy Brandt: Willy Brandt, German statesman, leader of the German Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, or SPD) from to , and chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from to He was awarded .
The section ‘Willy Brandt’s Ostpolitik’ looks at the main architects of the new German policy in favour of détente in Europe, German Chancellor Willy Brandt and his senior diplomatic adviser Egon Bahr. The key to the Ostpolitik lay in the treaties concluded between the .
Ostpolitik, (German: “Eastern Policy”) West German foreign policy begun in the late s. Initiated by Willy Brandt as foreign minister and then chancellor, the policy was one of détente with Soviet-bloc countries, recognizing the East German government and expanding commercial relations with other Soviet-bloc countries.
Newly analyzed documents suggest that the East German security service, the Stasi, sought to obstruct former West German Chancellor Willy Brandt's policy toward Eastern Europe, or Ostpolitik.
Willy Brandt Biography. Willy Brandt () – German statesman and politician. Willy Brandt was a German left-wing politician who fled Nazi persecution in