Both "ie" and "oi" are written in first position, while "ow" and "ew" are written in third position. If the diphthong is followed by a neutral vowel, a little flick is added. Other shapes[ edit ] Circles The circles are of two sizes — small and large. Loops The loops are of two sizes — small and big.
Both "ie" and "oi" are written in first position, while "ow" and "ew" are written in third position. In the same way, the whole outline is placed above, on or through the paper's ruled line. If the diphthong is followed by a neutral vowel, a little flick is added.
Other shapes[ edit ] Circles The circles are of two sizes — small and large. Small circle represents 's' sing and 'z' gaze. Big circle represents 'ses' and 'swa'.
If the big circle comes initially in the stroke it represents 'swa' sweep, but not sway. Elsewhere it represents 'ses' the vowel in the middle can be any of the vowel or diphthong crisis, crises and exercise.
If the vowel is anything other than 'e' then it must be represented inside the circle. Loops The loops are of two sizes — small and big.
The small loop represents 'st' and 'sd' cost and based — pronounced stee loop. The big loop represents 'ster' master and masterpiece. Small hooks At the start. For straight strokes pee, bee, tee, dee, chay, jay, kay and gay the hook comes in both the sides of the stroke.
Hook in clockwise urdu shorthand writing alphabet represents 'r' after the stroke tray, Nichrome, bigger. Hook in counter-clockwise direction represents 'l' after the stroke ply, amplify, angle. For curved strokes eff, vee, ith, thee, ish, zhee, em, en, ing the hook is written in before the stroke is written and it represents 'r' after the stroke other, measure, manner, every.
Hook in clockwise direction represents 'en' after the stroke train, chin, genuine. Hook in counter-clockwise direction represents 'eff' or 'vee' after the stroke pave, calf, toughen.
For curved strokes eff, vee, ith, thee, ish, zhee, em, en, ing the hook is written in after the stroke is written and it represents 'n' after the stroke men, thin. Shun hook The shun hook is written on the right hand side of a simple t, d or j.
The big hook after any stroke represents 'shun', 'zhun' etc. For straight strokes with initial circle or loop or hook, the shun hook is written in opposite direction section. Depression and depletion have shun hooks in different directions. For simple straight strokes, the shun hook is written in the direction opposite to the occurrence of the vowel.
Caution and auction have shun hooks in different directions. For curved strokes, the shun hook is written after the stroke, continuing the curve motion, notion. To represent the sound s-shun as in sessation, decision, musician etc.
Other hooks Big hook for 'wh'. The big hook in the beginning of the stroke way represents 'wh' whine. The small hook before ell represents 'way' before it well. The big hook before ell represents 'wh' before it while.
The halving principle may be combined with an initial or final hook or both to make words such as "trained" appear as a single short vertical light stroke with an initial and final hook. There are some exceptions to avoid ambiguous forms: Doubling of curved strokes If ter, der, ture, ther, dher comes in the word the preceding stroke is written double the size matter, nature, mother.
There are exceptions to avoid ambiguous forms: Doubling of straight strokes the doubling principle has an exception when "ter" et al.
Doubling is not employed in that case cadre. If it has more than one stroke before "ter" et al. Cultural references[ edit ] The protagonist of David R. Palmer 's novels Emergence and Tracking purportedly writes her journals in Pitman Shorthand, declaring it the "best, potentially fastest, most versatile of various pen systems".Practice writing Hindi shorthand.
Find a passage in full form Devanagari and copy it to shorthand. Look for online newspapers.
Listen to spoken Hindi and write what you hear in shorthand. Urdu is written in the opposite direction to English ie from right to left. It is an easy language to write fast in, because it has a built in shorthand!
THE HINDI SHORTHAND MANUAL BEING A PRACTICAL AND UP-TO-DATE SYSTEM OF SHORTHAND ADAPTED FROM SIR ISAAC PITMAN'S SYSTEM to let me use their shorthand signs* 1 portions and extracts from their for the purposes of this feelthefish.com in Urdu Shorthand in the Tineknow Christian School of Commerce.) j RADHELAL TRIVEDI.)/5(3).
Pitman shorthand is a system of shorthand for the English language developed by Englishman Sir Isaac Pitman (–), who first presented it in Like most systems of shorthand, it is a phonetic system; the symbols do not represent letters, but rather sounds, and words are, for the most part, written as they are spoken.
As of , Pitman shorthand was the most popular shorthand. Shorthand is an abbreviated symbolic writing method that increases speed and brevity of writing as compared to a normal method of writing a language.
The process of writing in shorthand is called stenography, from the Greek stenos (narrow) and graphe or graphie (writing). Apr 25, · Other writing systems that incorporate the letters of the English alphabet have also been developed to aid in faster writing without sacrificing as much readability as shorthand systems.
These writing systems often differ from shorthand by not requiring you to learn new symbols, and by using a system of abbreviating English words%().