Religion permeates every aspect of life in Muslim countries and understanding Sunni and Shi'a beliefs is important in understanding the modern Muslim world.
Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum is re-opened after restorations. Museum Pass You can buy the "Museum Pass" Topkapi palace foreigners which is valid for 3 and 5 days in various museums of Istanbul.
It was built in between and by the sultan Mehmet II on top of a hill in a small peninsula, dominating the Golden Horn to the north, the Sea of Marmara to the south, and the Bosphorus strait to the north east, with great views of the Asian side as well.
The palace was the political center of the Ottoman Empire between the 15th and 19th centuries, until they built Dolmabahce Palace by the waterside. After the Conquest of Constantinople in Topkapi palace, Mehmet II ordered to built his palace in its present location on top of the ancient Byzantine ruins, meanwhile he spent some time during its construction at a smaller palace where there is the University of Istanbul today, in Bayezit square.
But local people called it as "Topkapi" which in Turkish means "Gate of Cannons" because of huge cannons displayed outside of its gates, those which were used during the Conquest.
There were originally around residents of the Palace at the beginning, but during the centuries it dramatically raised to 5, during normal days and 10, during festivals, approximately. Amongst these, the Janissaries were the biggest part of the population who were based within the first courtyard of the palace.
The palace became the largest palace in the world, a city within a city. The walls surrounding it were about 5 kilometers around 3 miles long. The palace having aroundm2 of area during the foundation years, it currently has only 80, m2 of area because of building constructions in its grounds towards the end.
During the hundred years of reign at Topkapi, each sultan added a different section or hall to the palace, depending on his taste or on the needs of the time.
Therefore the palace is formed by a maze of buildings centered around a series of courtyards protected by different gates. Its architecture is predominantly Middle Eastern in character. The initial construction was Cinili Mansion, a tiled kiosk finished inand the main gate Bab-i Humayun in Arabic or the Imperial Gate facing Sultanahmet square and Hagia Sophia church, and the Palace ramparts at the second gate Bab-us Selam or the Gate of Salutation were completed in A third gate, Bab-us Saade or the Felicity Gate, separates the core and most important parts of the palace from other sections, such as the Treasury for example.
At first, the Harem was left in the Old Palace and was moved to its present location only one century later by sultan Murad III, again with the addition of several buildings during many years.
The Haremliterally meaning "forbidden" in Arabic, was a complex of apartments in the palace belonging to the wives, concubines and children of the sultanguarded by the black eunuchs.
At some point, its population topped to a record high of ladies. Inside the Harem there were rooms dedicated to the mother of the sultanwives of the sultanhis concubines, Turkish bathscircumcision room, apartments of the chief black eunuch, and apartments of the sultanin total over rooms.
Today, the Harem is a separate museum within the palace complex and there are escorted tours at certain hours of the day. The palace was opened to the public as a museum in by the order of Ataturk. Some of the exhibition halls are closed for restorations but still the visit of the palace would take a half day for an interested person.
From this gate anybody could pass but only the sultan would be on the horse, while all others on foot. Here, a nice park, some ruins and columns from the Byzantine period, a 6th century Hagia Irene church which is occasionally used for some concerts and art exhibitions today, the Imperial Mint, and the Archaeological museum welcomes you.
Before you get to the second gate, there are ticket boots, a change office, and a small gift shop on the right. The second gate has two guard towers and is called "Gate of Salutation", because everybody had to salute the sultan before going through. Today, passing through this gate there will be a security check and ticket control, and you access to the second courtyard of the palace courtyard of the Divan.
Topkapi Blu-ray offers decent video and solid audio in this overall recommended Blu-ray release Thought by many to be the inspiration for the TV series 'Mission: Impossible', Jules Dassin's comedy. Topkapı Palace Museum will be opened to visit at A.M in the date 24th June Sunday due to the Presidency and 27th term Member of Parliament Elections. Nov 16, · Hi Diane. To enter the Harem in topkapi palace you need to pay extra. I didn’t visit the Harem as our Turkish tour guide explained that it’s not the most beautiful as it is unfurnished.
There are two small scale models of the palace on the right and a big map showing the foundation and expansion of the Ottoman Empire.
To the right of the courtyard, there are palace kitchens where there were betweencooks preparing food for this 10, people living in the palace. Today there is a nice collection of Chinese and some Japanese porcelains collection and the silverware at separate sections of the kitchens. Across the courtyard, to the left, there is the Divan, or Council Chamber, where the viziers and grand vizier gathered to talk about daily issues or to receive foreign visitors.
There was the treasury of the Divan next door, which is an exhibition of weapons of that time today, and the Tower of the Justice above it was used for the surveillance of the harbor.
The Harem entry is also in this courtyard just behind the Divan chamber. The third gate is called "Gate of Felicity" because the sultan and his court celebrated important events here, sitting on his throne; when the sultan was happy everybody was happy.
This gate was protected by the white eunuchs and nobody could pass through without the permission of the sultan. When you enter the third courtyard courtyard of the Enderunthe first building is the Audience Hall where the sultan received his viziers or foreign ambassadors.
The room is nicely decorated with some furniture. Behind this room, there is a library as well. Next to this hall, there are several other rooms with the paintings of the sultansminiatures, old clocks etc. After the third courtyard, there are several passages to the fourth and last courtyard of the palace, the private garden of the sultan Sofa-i Humayun in Arabic where he had roses and tulips and some kiosks from which he had a great view of the city while drinking his tea or coffee.
Baghdad kiosk, Revan kiosk and Sofa kiosk on the left of the courtyard overlooking the Golden Hornall of them built in the 17th century and decorated with fine tiles and mother of pearl inlaid on wood, circumcision room for the sons of the sultanMecidiye kiosk on the right of the courtyard overlooking the Sea of Marmara and the Bosphorusbuilt in the midth century, and the small mosque are some interesting elements of this last courtyard.18 years ago, I traveled to Turkey, fell in love with the magnificent city of Istanbul, and then searched in vain for videos of this movie, which every guide book mentioned when describing the museum in the exquisite Topkapi palace.
Nov 16, · Hi Diane. To enter the Harem in topkapi palace you need to pay extra. I didn’t visit the Harem as our Turkish tour guide explained that it’s not the most beautiful as it is unfurnished.
Islamic Depictions of Mohammed with Face Hidden In order to sidestep the prohibition against actually depicting Mohammed, artists in Muslim societies sometimes showed him with his face blank or hidden. Aug 19, · The words Sunni and Shi'a appear regularly in stories about the Muslim world but few people know what they really mean.
Religion permeates every aspect of life in Muslim countries and. The scant number of drawings and the absence of any theoretical treatises on the architecture of the pre-Islamic world make the late fifteenth-century Timurid pattern scroll in the Topkapi Palace Museum Library an exceedingly valuable source of information.
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