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There are many different systems of traditional medicine, and the philosophy and practices of each are influenced by the prevailing conditions, environment, and geographic area within which it first evolved WHOhowever, a common philosophy is a holistic approach to life, equilibrium of the mind, body, and the environment, and an emphasis on health rather than on disease.
Generally, the focus is on the overall condition of the individual, rather than on the particular ailment or disease from which the patient is suffering, and the use of herbs is a core part of all systems of traditional medicine Engebretson ; Conboy et al.
Traditional Chinese medicine TCM is an important example of how ancient and accumulated knowledge is applied in a holistic approach in present day health care. Yin represents the earth, cold, and femininity, whereas yang represents the sky, heat, and masculinity. The actions of yin and yang influence the interactions of the five elements composing the universe: TCM practitioners seek to control the yin and yang levels through 12 meridians, which bring and channel energy Qi through the body.
TCM is a growing practice around the world and is used for promoting health as well as for preventing and curing diseases.
TCM encompasses a range of practices, but herbal medicine is a core part Engebretson ; Nestler ; Schmidt et al. Three of the top-selling botanical products, namely Ginkgo biloba, Allium sativum garlicand Panax ginseng, can be traced back to origins in TCM and are today used to treat various diseases Li, Jiang, and Chen ; Xutian, Zhang, and Louise Over the past years, the development and mass production of chemically synthesized drugs have revolutionized health care in most parts of the word.
However, large sections of the population in developing countries still rely on traditional practitioners and herbal medicines for their primary care. However, use of traditional medicine is not limited to developing countries, and during the past two decades public interest in natural therapies has increased greatly in industrialized countries, with expanding use of ethnobotanicals.
According to a survey by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Barnes, Bloom, and Nahinherbal therapy or the usage of natural products other than vitamins and minerals was the most commonly used alternative medicine In a survey of 21, adults in the United States, The major use of herbal medicines is for health promotion and therapy for chronic, as opposed to life-threatening, conditions.
However, usage of traditional remedies increases when conventional medicine is ineffective in the treatment of disease, such as in advanced cancer and in the face of new infectious diseases.
Furthermore, traditional medicines are widely perceived as natural and safe, that is, not toxic.
This is not necessarily true, especially when herbs are taken with prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, or other herbs, as is very common Canter and Ernst ; Qato et al.
Regardless of why an individual uses it, traditional medicine provides an important health care service whether people have physical or financial access to allopathic medicine, and it is a flourishing global commercial enterprise Engebretson ; Conboy et al.
This had doubled by the yearwith herbal medicines growing faster than any other alternative therapy Eisenberg et al. These figures reflect the incorporation of herbal and other forms of traditional medicine into many health care systems and its inclusion in the medical training of doctors in many parts of the developed world.
|Uses in Traditional Medicine | Trees for Life||Modern medicine Knowledge protection Open access but social or legal restrictions may govern who can use certain knowledge, under what conditions and with what benefit for knowledge holders Closed, patent-protected Ad hoc during consultation with the patient Predetermined and, once approved in clinical trials, formulas cannot be changed unless retested Regulation Usually loose.|
The total commercial value of the ethnobotanicals market cannot be ignored. In India, herbal medicine is a common practice, and about plant species are used by the Indian herbal industry, of which are of a high volume, exceeding metric tons per year Sahoo Jun 12, · Traditional Medicine in KINGDOM OF THAILAND O99 Center for the Development of Thai Traditional Medicine and Pharmacy” which was later upgraded to the division level in as the “Institute of Thai Traditional Medicine” (ITTM).
Nov 05, · In China, traditional medicine accounts for around 40% of all health care delivered and more than 90% of general hospitals in China have units for traditional medicine. However, use of traditional medicine is not limited to developing countries, and during the past two decades public interest in natural therapies has increased greatly in.
Traditional Complementary Integrative Medicine, Service Delivery and Safety Department, World Health Organization Headquarters.
The WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy – was developed and launched in response to the World Health Assembly resolution on traditional medicine (WHA).
Introduction. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) originated in ancient China and has evolved over thousands of years. TCM practitioners use herbal medicines and various mind and body practices, such as acupuncture and tai chi, to treat or prevent health feelthefish.com the United States, people use TCM primarily as a complementary health .
PURPOSE OF RESEARCH The use of complementary and alternative medicine in modern medicine has grown dramatically in the last ten years.
Many alternative therapies, such as herbal remedies, are mainstream or traditional in many parts of the world. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America use traditional medicine (TM) to help meet some of their primary health care needs.
In Africa, up to 80% of the population uses traditional medicine for primary health care.