The struggles of immigrants and minorities in the united states

History of immigration to the United States Immigrants on ocean steamer passing the Statue of Liberty, New York City, American immigration history can be viewed in four epochs: Each period brought distinct national groups, races and ethnicities to the United States. During the 17th century, approximatelyEnglish people migrated to Colonial America.

The struggles of immigrants and minorities in the united states

TOP Spreading Diseases As American cities industrialized throughout the nineteenth century, infectious diseases emerged as a real threat. The introduction of new immigrants and the growth of large urban areas allowed previously localized diseases to spread quickly and infect larger populations.

Towns grew into cities as industrialization sparked urban migration from rural communities in both the United States and Europe. The increased demand for cheap housing by urban migrants led to poorly built homes that inadequately provided for personal hygiene.

Immigrant workers in the nineteenth century often lived in cramped tenement housing that regularly lacked basic amenities such as running water, ventilation, and toilets.

These conditions were ideal for the spread of bacteria and infectious disease. Without organized sanitation systems, bacteria easily passed from person to person through the water and sewage.

The nineteenth century was a time of massive population growth for the United States. Bythat number skyrocketed to seventy-five million. A large portion of this extraordinary growth can be attributed to European immigrants. It was during this time that many Britons, Germans, and those of Scandinavian descent crossed the Atlantic and landed in America.

Instead, they faced a variety of struggles that will be discussed later on in the article. Especially in rural communities, Irish immigrants were generally welcomed and easily found work.

Louis to New York, it now takes less than two days in time and not more than twenty-five dollars in money; and from San Francisco, the trip is made in six or seven days, at a total expense of about one hundred and fifty dollars.

The inference is plain that the emigrant of today has many advantages over his predecessor of some years back. But the advantages here alluded to are trifling when compared with the increased facilities of obtaining good and cheap land in every State and Territory of the Union.

In his Report on a Journey to the Western States of North America, Prussian lawyer Gottfried Duden detailed the advantages of life in America and described how American life avoided many of the societal and political problems that were present in nineteenth century German society.

Duden preached that America was a bastion of cheap and available land, especially in the western states and territories. He encouraged Germans to escape the political chaos and limited economic opportunities of Germany to start a new, freer life on the American prairie.

Moreover, these immigrants were very different than the typical American because they were overwhelmingly Catholic or Greek Orthodox, or Jewish, and unfamiliar with democratic government.

The large influx of Catholic immigrants into the United States in the mid to late nineteenth century drastically changed the perception of Catholicism in America. To combat this discrimination, many American Catholics took refuge in the Catholic Church.

Another group that came to America in large numbers in the late nineteenth century were Jews. Over two and a half million Eastern European Jews were forced out of their homelands by government persecution and economic hardships.

Americans began to associate many of the societal ills related to urbanization—such as overcrowding, the spread of disease, and lack of jobs—with incoming immigrants.

Immigration to the United States - Wikipedia

Inthe federal government attempted to address those concerns by reforming immigration policy with the Immigration Act of Those who failed to show this were shipped back to their homelands. The Immigration Act of did, however, made an exemption for political refugees.

This was consistent with the American tradition of acting as a safe haven for those persecuted by other governments.

The struggles of immigrants and minorities in the united states

The second piece of immigration legislation that Congress passed in was the Chinese Exclusion Act of An newspaper article from the Wisconsin State Journal outlines much of the racial motivation behind the legislation: His race has outlived every other because it is homogeneous, and for that reason alone it has imposed its religion and peculiarities upon its conquerors and still lived.The gap between African-Americans and African immigrants has shut many migrants out of opportunities in the US.

Tweet As an immigrant to the United States from Sierra Leone, I perceive a huge chasm between African-Americans and African immigrants in the United States. The ABA Journal describes the various struggles Mexican immigrants encounter when coming to the United States, including language barriers that prevent them from defending themselves in court and tough immigration laws.

The ABA further explains that deportation is . Immigrants and African Americans Mary C. Waters,1 Philip Kasinitz,2 and Asad L.

Moving nations comes with some big challenges.

Asad1 We examine how recent immigration to the United States has affected African Americans. We first review the research on the growing di- it became more common for immigrants and other ethnic minorities to stress their simi-.

Immigration is a prominent part of the United States’ DNA, despite concerns about immigrants’ ability to integrate. An examination of recent immigrant inflows shows newcomers to the United States are integrating well, based on language proficiency, socioeconomic attainment, political participation, residential locale, and social interaction indicators.

In northern states, blacks and Irish immigrants were forced into overlapping – often integrated – slum neighborhoods. Although leaders of the Irish liberation struggle (in Ireland) saw slavery as an evil, their Irish-American cousins largely aligned with the slaveholders.

Olmmies are immigrants who have arrived to the United States before the year of Immigrants who have migrated to the United States after the year of are what I call newmmies. These immigrants include my family who came to the United States in

Immigrants, Cities, and Disease - US History Scene