History[ edit ] As with many other places in Calabria, Pizzo claims ancient origins. The town may have been founded by colonists from an unknown site in ancient Magna Greciabut there is currently no documentary or archeological evidence to support this. Consequently, the history of Pizzo begins in when the existence of a community of Basilian monks, a fort, and a fishing village is documented. For centuries tuna was trapped in the beaches around Pizzo, especially in the months of May and June.
Etymology[ edit ] During its 3,year history Reggio has often been renamed.
Each name corresponds with the city's major historical phases: Recion to read Rekionname appeared on the most ancient coins retrieved in Reggio. Regium, its first Latin name, during the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, then became Rhegium. Regols, Catalan name under the Crown of Aragonin the late 13th century.
Reggio or Regio, usual Italian name in the Middle and Modern age. In those days however, it corresponded only to present-day, southern Calabria, which later came to be known as Bruttium, while the name Italia Italyin fact, was first used only for the area of Reggio itself. This dated back to the 3rd millennium BC and was perhaps established by the Ausones.
Reggio was one of the most important cities in Greater Greecereaching great economic and political power during the 5th and 6th centuries BC under the Anaxilas government.
During the Imperial age it became one of the most important and flourishing cities of southern Italy when it was the seat of the "Corrector", the Governor of "Regio II Lucania et Bruttii" province of Lucany and Brutium.
It was a central pivot for both maritime and mainland traffic, reached by the final part of the Via Popilia also known as Via Anniawhich was built in the 2nd century BC and joined the older, Via Appia at Capuasouth of Rome.
Rhegium boasted in imperial times, nine thermal baths,  one of which is still visible today on the sea-front. During the whole Latin age Reggio maintained not only its Greek customs and language but also its Mint.
Paul passed through Rhegium on his final voyage towards Rome,  converting the first local Christians and, according to tradition, laying the foundations of the Christianization of Bruttium. Due to its seismic activity, the Reggio area was often damaged by earthquakes, such as in 91 BC, when it was destroyed but then was rebuilt by order of the Emperor Augustus.
Other memorable shocks took place in the years 17, and AD. Following wars between the Lombards and Byzantines in the 6th century, present-day Calabria, then known as Bruttium, was renamed Calabria. As Reggio was a Byzantine centre of culture, certain monks undertook the work of scribes and carried out the transcription of ancient classical works.
Until the 15th century Reggio was one of the most important Greek-rite Bishoprics in Italy and even today Greek words are used and are recognisable in local speech and Byzantine terms can be found in local liturgy, in religious icons and even in local recipes.
Numerous occupying armies came to Reggio during the early Middle Ages due to the city's strategic importance. The Arabs occupied Reggio in and sold most of its inhabitants into slavery. During the period of Arab rule various beneficial ideas were introduced into Calabria, such as Citrus fruit trees, Mulberry trees used in silk production and several ways of cooking local vegetables such as aubergines.
The Arabs introduced water ices and ice cream and also greatly improved agricultural and hydraulic techniques for irrigation. In Reggio and the whole of southern Italy went to the Hohenstaufenwho held it until In the town fair was established by decree of Emperor Frederick II. From to and again from toReggio was the capital of the Calabrian Giustizierato.
It supported the Aragonese forces against the House of Anjou.
In the 14th century it obtained new administrative powers. Reggio, throughout the Middle Ages, was first an important centre of calligraphy and then of printing after its inventions, boasting the first dated printed edition of a Hebrewa Rashi commentary on the Pentateuchprinted in in La Giudecca of Reggio  although scholars consider Rome as the city where Hebrew printing began.
The 16th and 17th centuries were an age of decay due to high Spanish taxes, pestilence, the earthquake, and the Ottoman Turkish invasions suffered by Reggio between and Infacing attack by an Ottoman fleet under Hayreddin Barbarossa the townspeople abandoned Reggio.
Barbarossa captured eight hundred of those who remained, and then burned the town. Reggio was the capital of Calabria Ulteriore Prima from to Ina disastrous earthquake damaged Reggio, all southern Calabria and Messina. The precious citrus fruit, Bergamot orangehad been cultivated and used in the Reggio area since the 15th century.
By it was being grown intensively in the Rada Giunchi area of Reggio and was the first plantation of its kind in the world. After the former's fall, inthe two ancient Kingdoms of Naples and of Sicily were unified becoming the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. On the newly opened sea promenade a Civic Museum was inaugurated.
In fact, some 60 years after the devastation caused by the earthquake, the English traveller and painter Edward Lear remarked "Reggio is indeed one vast garden, and doubtless one of the loveliest spots to be seen on earth.
A half-ruined castle, beautiful in colour and picturesque in form, overlooks all the long city, the wide straits, and snow-topped Mongibello beyond. Reggio di Calabria in Damage was even worse in Messina across the Straits.Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Calabria, Italy on TripAdvisor: See 63, traveler reviews and photos of Calabria tourist attractions.
Find what to do today, this weekend, or in November. Calabria does not have the many tourist attractions that Italy is so famous for. You won't see a "David" or a "Ponte Vecchio" or a "Basilica" or a "Pisa" or any of . Reggio Calabria is the regional capital, opposite the strait of Messina. With a population of about inhabitants, Reggio is the center of an important tourist and cultural area, and has a large university.
Pizzo (Calabrian: U Pìzzu), also called Pizzo Calabro, is a seaport and comune in the province of Vibo Valentia (Calabria, southern Italy), situated on a steep cliff overlooking the Gulf of Saint Euphemia.
History of Calabria. Calabrian history is one of many players and many tales. What is today known as Calabria is a land has been conquered, reconquered, and conquered again by various rulers only to be devastated by natural disasters such as earthquakes along the way.
The provinces of Calabria are: Catanzaro (regional capital), Reggio Calabria, Cosenza, Crotone and Vibo Valentia.