Or Send Your Contribution To: In sorting out the motives and forces behind the war, Mr. Zunes stresses the role played by Oil companies and the Military-Industrial Complex. Who is primarily to blame for the Iraq war?
Firm linked to Cheney wins oil-field contract Hussein may destroy facilities in event of war Saturday, March 8, Iran iraq war causes and consequences Epstein, Chronicle Washington Bureau Washington -- A company tied to Vice President Dick Cheney has won a Pentagon contract for advice on rebuilding Iraq's oil fields after a possible war.
The contract was disclosed in the last paragraph of a Defense Department statement on preparations for Saddam Hussein's possible destruction of Iraq's oil fields in the event of a U.
The statement calls for proposals on how to handle oil well fires and for assessing other damage to oil facilities. The Houston company is a respected name in petroleum industry construction and one of a few companies capable of large-scale oil field reconstruction.
But its ties to Cheney arouse suspicions among those who believe that a primary motive for a U. It represents the larger oil and energy issues at stake. We stand by to help rebuild a liberated Iraq.
The Pentagon wouldn't discuss the exact size of the contract, nor how it was rewarded, saying the information is classified. Daily production has slumped during the past two decades, worn down by wars and, sinceby United Nations sanctions that barred imports of equipment.
Daily output capacity is about 2 million barrels, down from 3. With enough investment, it's thought Iraqi production could surge to 10 million to 12 million barrels a day within a decade. Iraq's proven oil reserves of billion barrels are the world's second- largest behind only Saudi Arabia.
And there might be large untapped fields in Iraq ripe for exploration. Renner is convinced that U. Administration supporters say past history refutes claims that a war with Iraq is about oil. We gave the oil back to Kuwait back then, and this war, at root, is about the nature of Saddam Hussein's regime," said James Phillips, foreign policy analyst at the Heritage Foundation.
Under the Hague Convention, the United States would be present in Iraq as an occupying power and would hold the country's resources in trust. It could rebuild Iraq's oil infrastructure, but probably would have to recognize contracts that oil companies from France, China and Russia have signed with Hussein's regime, even though their governments oppose a war.
Using an open bidding process that wouldn't favor American firms "would be wise politically," he added. Bechtel officials discount that assertion as nonsense.
Spokesman Jonathan Marshall said that while the company is proud of the work it did rebuilding Kuwait's fields, "Bechtel has never lobbied to create a political crisis there. We're not even at war yet, so it's premature to speculate.
Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University, a think tank created by the former secretary of state to the first President George Bush, warns the current administration not to show favoritism for American firms in rebuilding Iraq's oil industry.
This article appears in the August 1, issue of Executive Intelligence Review. Bush's Administration—a plan then considered insane aggression.
The map, which shows oilfields, pipelines, tanker terminals, and refineries, includes eight "blocks" for exploration near the border with Saudi Arabia. Iraq has been proven to have the second-highest amount of oil reserves of any nation in the world, next to Saudi Arabia.
And, this is without exploration of the eight blocks near the Saudi border—a vast area that is at least one-third of the country—which could make Iraq number one in terms of proven reserves.
Before returning to the significance of the maps for lining Vice President Cheney's pockets: EIR has learned that the the U. Export-Import Bank is circulating a plan that calls for securitizing future oil revenues from Iraq in order to pay for reconstruction contracts.
Plan To Mortgage Iraqi Oil," is that the Ex-Im Bank is proposing to raise loans from private banks to pay for reconstruction contracts, to be repaid by revenues from future Iraqi oil sales.
It is argued that this would take pressure off the deficit-ridden U. The Ex-Im Bank has been working on behalf of the corporate lobbying group known as the Coalition for Employment Through Exports, among whose most important participants are Halliburton Oil Co.
Halliburton, Cheney's company, is actively promoting the "securitization" of Iraq's oil. The stakes are enormous. A spokesman for Platt's Energy news service told EIR that Iraq's oil output, within a few years, could be 5 million barrels per day, at a significantly lower cost than oil from other sources.
This would give great wealth to companies involved in developing the industry, and would perhaps give those controlling Iraq, the ability to dictate terms to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC. The Ex-Im Bank plan proposes 1 securitizing future oil revenues, either through the UN-created Development Fund for Iraq, or another financial institution; 2 establishing a trade finance facility a Trade Bank was just established the week of July 21 in Iraq ; and, 3 the restructuring of Iraq's debt and reparations obligations.
But look who benefits from this. And Halliburton Oil Co. Paul Bremer, is to restructure Iraq's debt and reparation obligations. The Observer added in its July 13 issue: Anne Pettifor, head of Jubilee Plus debt relief campaign,The Iraq War: Operations, Causes, and Consequences.
Editor’s Note: This is a guest post by Alexandre Debs and Nuno P. Monteiro, both of Yale University. In it, they discuss the causes of the Iraq War, a subject of some recent discussion at The Duck of Minerva. This post discusses their forthcoming International Organization article, which is.
The Iraq War: Operations, Causes, and Consequences Youssef Bassil terrorist groups in Iran .To justify their doubt of the existence of connections between Iraq and Al Qaeda, the The Iraq War: Operations, Causes, and Consequences. Brazil ( et seq.) , : Indian Genocide Gerald Colby, Thy Will Be Done: the Conquest of the Amazon () , Indians "disappeared into extinction" since 40, to , died, Robin Hanbury-Tenison, A Question of Survival (): The Indian population of Brazil declined from a half million in to 80 thousand in to 50 thousand in The Gulf War (August 28, – February 28, ) was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of approximately 30 nations led by the United States and mandated by the United Nations in order to liberate the nation of Kuwait..
The conflict is known by numerous alternative names that reflect the historical, political, and journalistic views of different groups and regions.
I HAVE ARRANGED to have two outspoken critics of the Iraq war, Mr. Mark Weber, Director of the Institute for Historical Review (IHR) Here and Dr.
Stephen Zunes, Professor of Politics and International Studies at the University of San Francisco Here to participate in a debate over who is to blame.