History 170 study guide

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History 170 study guide

Trebuchet Bows and arrows were often used by combatants. Egyptians shot arrows from chariots effectively. It dominated battlefields for over a century. The rise of gunpowder[ edit ] A small English Civil War -era History 170 study guide In the 10th century, the invention of gunpowder led to many new weapons that were improved over time.

History 170 study guide

Black powder was used in China since the 4th century, but it was not used as a weapon until the 11th century.

Then came the matchlockwhich was used widely until around the s.

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Leonardo da Vinci made drawings of the wheel lock which made its own sparks. Eventually, the matchlock was replaced by the flintlock. The first cannons were simply welded metal bars in the form of a cylinder, and the first cannonballs were made of stone.

Ships were filled with flammable materials, set on fire, and sent to enemy lines. This tactic was successfully used by Francis Drake to scatter the Spanish Armada at the Battle of Gravelines[31] and would later be used by the Chinese, Russians, Greeks, and several other countries in naval battles.

Naval mines were invented in the 17th century, though they were not used in great numbers until the American Civil War. They were used heavily in the First and Second World Wars.

Air-deployed naval mines were used to mine the North Vietnamese port of Haiphong during the Vietnam War.

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However, the first military submarine was constructed in by Isaac Peral. Robert Fulton then improved the submarine design by creating the Nautilus. The Howitzera type of field artillerywas developed in the 17th century to fire high trajectory explosive shells at targets that could not be reached by flat trajectory projectiles.

Organizational changes resulting in better training and intercommunication, made the concept combined arms possible, allowing the use of infantry, cavalry, and artillery in a coordinated way.

Bayonet is named after BayonneFrance where it was first manufactured in the 16th century.

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It is used often in infantry charges to fight in hand-to-hand combat. General Jean Martinet introduced the bayonet to the French army. They were used heavily in the American Civil Warand continued to be used in modern wars like the Invasion of Iraq.

Previously military scouts could only see from high points on the ground, or from the mast of a ship. Now they could be high in the sky, signalling to troops on the ground. This made it much more difficult for troop movements to go unobserved.

History of the Philippines - Wikipedia

Rockets were generally inaccurate at that time, though William Haleinwas able to develop a better rocket. The new rocket no longer needed the rocket stickand had a higher accuracy.

The first repeating rifle was designed in by a company bought out by Winchesterwhich made new and improved versions. Springfield rifles arrived in the midth century also.TABLE OF CONTENTS ā€”iā€” Table of Contents Introduction About ACAMS x ā€” ABOUT THE CAMS DESIGNATION x Chapter 1 Risks and Methods of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing.

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CHAPTER IV THE HISTORY OF FAIRY TALES. The gods of ancient mythology were changed into the demi-gods and heroes of ancient poetry, and these demi-gods again became, at a later age, the principal characters of our nursery talesMAX MULLER.

A brief history of the application of trolley assist on mining trucks. SIXTH EDITION Executive Vice President John J. Byrne, CAMS Project Manager Catalina Martinez We would like to thank the following individuals for their significant contribution.

We explain the revolutions, wars, and social movements that shaped American and European history. Our study guides are available online and in book form at feelthefish.com European History.

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