Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: He would "let our work-shops remain in Europe"and he warns against the "importations of foreigners" In the opposition between "agriculture" and "manufacture," the "manufacturers " or "artificers" become the "mobs of great cities" who are, of course, the potential immigrants, the "foreigners. A "pure government" is here projected as a "human body" in a state of "vigour" which will be reduced by "sores" to a state of "degeneracy.
It had to surmount many challenges and vicissitudes before it could get consolidated on the basis of united resolve of the Left parties in the state. Thus the Bengal Left Front grew and established itself firmly by conducting and getting deeply involved in a struggle against the forces of authoritarianism and anti-people policies of the Congress governments.
However, the task of charting the roadmap for democratic movements was not always easy. This was only on the eve of Lok Sabha elections in when the Left parties, through their own experiences, realised that they have to solidly unite on a common programme; it was then that they formed the Left Front.
A decade ago, a United Front UF had been set up on the combined initiative of the Left parties and other anti-Congress parties. This was in the post-election situation way back in and before the elections in Thus we can suitably sum up to say that the backdrop to evolution of the Bengal Left Front comprised a variegated and rich realistic developments.
These included the experience of working in a United Front, the variety and different forms of functioning of its constituents in different time periods, and the bitter fruit of experience we all had to taste as a result of their taking positions contrary to one biman basu science writer salaries.
These days one can often observe and experience across the country, and also at the central level, the sight of an assortment of alliances and fronts being formed by political parties just before the polls or in the post-poll situation without declaring a common programme at all.
Thus we find that during a special period in the s, when the independence movement was raging, the Communist Party placed the theory of a united front against imperialism. It was way back in In the years that followed, unity was built up among the working people while, on the other hand, a united anti-imperialist programme was formulated in conjunction with other forces.
Among the joint programmes then implemented were the all-India post and telegraph strike, movements of the government employees and, above all, the programmes built up around the naval uprising at the Bombay seaport.
Later, the historic Tebhaga movement unified the rural poor and created a point of inspiration for kisans in the then united Bengal. There was a big movement of students and youth as well.
These struggles and movements stand as evidence of the splendid historic role played by the Communist Party in the pre-independence period.
In West Bengal, the Communist Party discharged its historic responsibility by playing a crucial role in the organisation of various mass movements. Thus, inwhen the already profit earning British-owned Calcutta Tramways Company hiked the tram fare backed suitably by the then Congress raj in order to further increase its profit margin, the Communist Party and other anti-Congress parties put up an angry resistance.
There was a near-famine condition in Bengal. An anti-famine committee was then set up, and it organised statewide movements. In fact, the number of satyagrahis coming from far-off Bengal was much more than those coming from the states nearer to Goa.
Soon the committee against the Bengal-Bihar merger conducted a statewide movement against the merger proposal. At this time, the Lok Sabha byelections saw Professor Mohit Moitra, president of the anti-merger committee, receive the support of all anti-Congress political parties and defeat the Congress candidate, Ashok Sen, from Kolkata Northwest.
In the tumultuous political atmosphere that was thus created, chief minister B C Roy had to withdraw the Bengal-Bihar merger proposal and victory celebrations were observed throughout Bengal.
The salary then varied from Rs 62 to Rs 96 a month, and went up to a maximum of Rs The teachers had no job security either. But the state government rejected the legitimate demands of these teachers and unleashed police repression against them.
A massive anti-Congress struggle then grew up against the move. Inthe state suffered from a massive food shortage.
Following a month-long campaign movement, a central rally was organised in what is now the Shahid Minar Maidan. The massive rally had Jyoti Basu and other leaders of the democratic movements in the forefront.Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Book Reviews S Greater Kailash-1 New Delhi India Click here to contact us.
This page has been constructed and maintained by Dr. Anil Aggrawal, Professor of Forensic Medicine, at the Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi You may want to give me the feedback to make this pages better.
Children's Literature Science Stories e-book Tara Chenar Moja (joy of starwatching) by Biman Basu ebook pdf Science Stories e-book Tara Chenar Moja (joy of starwatching) by Biman Basu ebook pdf. In , the teachers of Bengal launched a movement to demand subsistence salaries.
The salary then varied from Rs 62 to Rs 96 a month, and went up to . In any crisis, they will wait for orders from Biman Basu, the party secretary or Prakash Karat The centre will just be wasting resources by locating a NSG unit in Kolkata.
Production fell or .
Biman Basu Professor in the English department Asked what travel literature was and the kid responded, "books you read on a plane" and Biman started laughing and then we all did.
Heavy accent but decent english. Kid dropped the class and said "wheres the black kid?" He was a very, very hard professor, told me i sucked as a writer but.
science writers, both known and unknown, contributed thoughtful science articles to make the people aware of science and its applications. Getting influenced by scientific discoveries and inventions, and observing human progress, Bengali science writers started writing various popular science and science fiction books in the later half of the 19 th and early 20 centuries.
These played a vital role in .