Check new design of our homepage! Articles of Confederation Summary A summary of the Articles of Confederation, which will not just help you get a better understanding of this agreement, but also help you differentiate its guidelines from those of the Constitution. Historyplex Staff Not many people know this, but the Articles of Confederation was used as the first constitution of the United States of America.
President and Vice President[ edit ] Clause 1: The former bestows federal legislative power exclusively to Congress, and the latter grants judicial power solely to the Supreme Court. These three articles create a separation of powers among the three branches of the federal government.
In addition to separation of powers and equally important to limited government, each independent and sovereign branch also provides checks and balances on the operation and power of the other two branches. First, the President lacks executive authority explicitly granted to Congress. Hence the President cannot declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisalor regulate commerce, even though executives had often wielded such authority in the past.
In these instances, Congress retained portions of the executive power that the Continental Congress had wielded under the Articles of Confederation. In fact, because those actions require legislation passed by Congress which must be signed by the President to take effect, those powers are not strictly executive powers granted to or retained by Congress per se.
Nor were they retained by the U. Congress as leftovers from the Articles of Confederation.
The Articles of Confederation, Continental Congress and its powers were abolished at the time the new U. Congress was seated and the new federal government formally and officially replaced its interim predecessor.
And although the President is not specifically granted the power to declare war, a declaration of war is not in and of itself a vehicle of executive power since it is literally just a public declaration that the U. Regardless of the inability to declare war, the President does have the power to unilaterally order military action in defense of the United States pursuant to "a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces".
Once proper legal notification is given to the required members of Congress, military action can continue for up to 60 days without further authorization from Congress, or up to 90 days if the President "determines and certifies to the Congress in writing that unavoidable military necessity respecting the safety of United States Armed Forces requires the continued use of such armed forces in the course of bringing about a prompt removal of such forces.
Notwithstanding their executive power, the President cannot make treaties or appointments without the advice and consent of the Senate. However, the President does determine and decide U.
Additionally, since official treaties are specifically created under and by constitutional U.
As far as presidential appointments, as with treaties a person is not officially and legally appointed to a position until their appointment is approved by the Senate.
Prior to Senate approval and publication of that approval along with an official date and time for their swearing-in and assumption of duties and responsibilities, they are nominees rather than appointees.
And again, the President nominates people for specific positions at their pleasure and can do so without or in spite of Senate advice.
Senate consent occurs when a majority of senators votes to approve and therefore appoint a nominee. The head of the Executive Branch is the President.How to produce a summary: feelthefish.com the article to be summarized and be sure you understand it.
feelthefish.come the article. Note the major points. feelthefish.com a first draft of the summary without looking at the article. feelthefish.com use paraphrase when writing a summary.
Sep 06, · How to Write a Summary of an Article. Updated on August 15, Virginia Kearney. more. Thank you very much bcoz from this article I can understand a little bit about how to write a feelthefish.com you have article about how to write simple short story?
AUTHOR. Virginia feelthefish.coms: How to Write a Summary. A "stand-alone" summary is a summary produced to show a teacher that you have read and understood something. It is common in many and level classes to get assignments that ask you to read a certain number of articles and summarize them.
A summary is written in paragraph form and generally does not include subheadings. An introduction is important to clearly identify the article, the topic, the question or purpose of the article, and its thesis or findings.
The body paragraphs for a summary of an argumentative article will explain how arguments and evidence support the thesis. Jun 30, · Watch video · The Articles of Confederation was the first written constitution of the United States. Stemming from wartime urgency, its progress was slowed by fears of .
Writing the Summary Like an abstract in a published research article, the purpose of an article summary is to give the reader a brief overview of the study.