A Farewell to Arms Posted in:
Plot summary[ edit ] The novel is divided into five sections. In the first, Frederic Henry, an American paramedic serving in the Italian Armyis introduced to Catherine Barkley, an English nurse, by his good friend and roommate, Rinaldi, a surgeon.
Frederic attempts to seduce her; although he doesn't want a serious relationship, his feelings for Catherine build. Frederic is wounded in the knee by a mortar on the Italian Front and sent to a hospital in Milanwhere Catherine is also sent.
The second section shows the growth of Frederic and Catherine's relationship as they spend time together in Milan over the summer.
Frederic and Catherine gradually fall in love. After his knee heals, Frederic is diagnosed with jaundice but is soon kicked out of the hospital and sent back to the front after it is discovered he concealed alcohol.
By the time he is sent back, Catherine is three months pregnant. In the third section, Frederic returns to his unit, and discovers morale has severely dropped. Not long afterwards, the Austro-Hungarians break through the Italian lines in the Battle of Caporettoand the Italians retreat.
Due to a slow and chaotic retreat, Frederic and his men go off trail and quickly get lost, and a frustrated Frederic kills a sergeant for insubordination. After catching up to the main retreat, Frederic is taken to a place by the "battle police," where officers are being interrogated and executed for the "treachery" that supposedly led to the Italian defeat.
However, after seeing and hearing that everyone interrogated has been killed, Frederic escapes by jumping into a river.
He heads to Milan to find Catherine only to discover that she has been sent to Stresa. In the fourth section, Catherine and Frederic reunite and spend some time in Stresa before Frederic learns he will soon be arrested.
He and Catherine then flee to neutral Switzerland in a rowboat given to him by a barkeep. After interrogation by Swiss authorities, they are allowed to stay in Switzerland. In the final section, Frederic and Catherine live a quiet life in the mountains until she goes into labor. After a long and painful birth, their son is stillborn.
Catherine begins to hemorrhage and soon dies, leaving Frederic to return to their hotel in the rain. Background and publication history[ edit ] The novel was based on Hemingway's own experiences serving in the Italian campaigns during the First World War.
The inspiration for Catherine Barkley was Agnes von Kurowskya nurse who cared for Hemingway in a hospital in Milan after he had been wounded.
He had planned to marry her but she spurned his love when he returned to America. The unnamed priest was based on Don Giuseppe Bianchi, the priest of the 69th and 70th regiments of the Brigata Ancona.
Although the sources for Rinaldi are unknown, the character had already appeared in In Our Time. Much of the plot was written in correspondence with Frederic J.
Agate, Hemingway's friend, had a collection of letters to his wife from his time in Italy, which were later used as inspiration. Spear's guest ranch in Wyoming's Bighorns. The book was published in September with a first edition print-run of approximately 31, copies.
The newly published edition presents an appendix with the many alternate endings Hemingway wrote for the novel in addition to pieces from early draft manuscripts.
The poem Portrait of a Lady by T.
Eliot also starts off by quoting this Marlowe work: One of these copies was presented to Maurice Coindreau ; the other, to James Joyce.
Also, the novel could not be published in Italy until because the Fascist regime considered it detrimental to the honor of the Armed Forcesboth in its description of the Battle of Caporettoand for a certain anti-militarism implied in the work.
More than one biographer suggests that at the base of the censorship of the Fascist regime in the novel there had also been a personal antipathy between the writer and Benito Mussolini. Hemingway had interviewed him inshortly after he seized power, and in his article in the Toronto Star he poured scorn on Mussolini, calling him "the biggest bluff in Europe.
Hemingway described Mussolini as trying to impress the media by pretending to be deeply absorbed in reading, while in reality holding a French-English dictionary—held upside down.A Farewell to Arms is a novel by Ernest Hemingway set during the Italian campaign of World War I.
First published in , it is a first-person account of an American, Frederic Henry, serving as a lieutenant ("tenente") in the ambulance corps of the Italian Army. Hemingway’s harsh British critic was gone, but she had abandoned her copy of A FAREWELL TO ARMS to the donated book shelf.
Having just finished a book, I couldn’t resist and thus for the first time in more than 45 years I’ve returned to a work of Ernest Hemingway. Hemingway and his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer. Hemingway and a large blue Marlin caught in the Gulf Stream near Key West.
Three authors whose writings showed a shift from disillusionment were Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, and John feelthefish.comway’s early short stories and his first novels, The Sun Also Rises () and A Farewell The first son of Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a doctor, and Grace Hall Hemingway, Ernest Miller Hemingway was born in a suburb of Chicago.
The book includes portions of his war novels,A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls,and Across the River and into the Trees,as well as his only play, The Fifth Column, interspersed with short stories spanning his career.
A Farewell To Arms [Ernest Hemingway] on feelthefish.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The best American novel to emerge from World War I, A Farewell to Arms is the unforgettable story of an American ambulance driver on the Italian front and his passion for a beautiful English nurse.
The best American novel to emerge from World War I4/5(1K).